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Using Statistical Techniques and Tools in Clinical Trials

      A epidemiological study can be broadly classified as observational or experimental. Observational studies can be further classified as Descriptive and Analytical. Descriptive studies are usually small clinical observation like case series, case reports which are an effort …

What role do biomarkers serve in Cancer research and treatment?

      Bio-markers are defined by National cancer institute USA “as a biologic specimen that may be a marker of exposure to a substance, its metabolism, or an integration of exposure and metabolism”.(“Biomarkers,” 2017). In simple words, a biomarker …

Mass Spectrometry (MS) in Protein biomarker discovery

  Proteomic is the branch which works on the study of proteins and their interactions in human physiology(Carol E. Parker et al., 2010).The field is relatively new field (around 25 years old) but it has established itself as the backbone …

Personalised medicine: Application of Biomarkers

      The concept of personalized medicine was first promoted when pharmacogenomics data on oncology trials, demonstrated that person’s unique genetic makeup (genome) influences his or her response to medications(“The future of personalized medicine,” n.d.). National cancer institute defines …

microRNA biomarkers in cancer diagnosis and treatment: Applications in lung cancer

      MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of single stranded, small, endogenous ribonucleic acids (RNAs) of 21–25 nucleotides in length found in both animal and plant cells(Wahid et al., 2010).miRNAs play regulatory roleby targeting specific messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for …

Effectiveness of Artemisinin- Anti-malaria drug

    Malaria is a vector borne disease of subtropical and tropical regions predominantly caused by Plasmodium falciparum and transmitted to humans by female Anopheles Mosquitoes.(“CDC – Malaria – Malaria Worldwide – Impact of Malaria,” 2017.)According to World Health Organisation …

Benefits of Including Rosemary into your daily diets

Rosemary (Botanical Name – Rosmarinus officinalis) has been known to humans since the Egyptian era. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region, and  has been used by Egyptians, Assyrians as an aromatic plant to decorate their gardens and houses. …

Field experiences – Optimizing Data collection process with increased accuracy of collected data using field agents from remote field areas

Primary health care research involves data collection from remote field areas. The field areas can be small isolated ghettos, urban slums, remotely located villages, urban administrative blocks or any other location which involves certain number of households with permanent residents. …

“Tapper and Listener” the course of Health Care Knowledge from Physician to Patient

We may have played this game in our childhood where we tap on the school desk the beats of certain song and one of our friend tires to identify the song.  In 1990 Elizabeth Newton a PhD student of Psychology …

ICTPH Ethics Series Part II – Autonomy

Autonomy literally refers to freedom from external control or influence, or simply “independence”. Autonomy plays a crucial role in medical ethics. The relationship between the health system and the patient is based on mutual trust and mutual interest, given that …

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